- Projects -

The Russian High-Tech Development Fund

24/1, Petrovka St., 103051 Moscow, Russia
Phone/Fax: (095) 200-2631
Phone: (095) 954-9990
Fax: 954-5008

 

Some projects presented at the Third International Forum High Technology in the Defense Industry

Event: Presentation of investment projects and technologies
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE FORUM
Design and small-series production of the biosensor for hybridization analysis of
nucleic acids on the surface of the solid biochip

The name of Institute: Design Technology Institute of Applied Microelectronics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (DTIAM)
Address: 8, Nikolaeva St, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Phone: (383-2) 34-46-30, 34-15-59
Fax: (383-2) 34-41-06, 39-17-26
Director: Petr Vasilyevich Zhuravlev
Project Manager: Victor Nicolaevich Fedorinin
Assistant-Director of Design Technology Institute of Applied Microelectronics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (DTIAM)
Telephone: (383-2) 34-46-30, 34-15-59
Fax: (383-2) 34-41-06, 39-17-26
E- mail: oos@online.sinor.ru

The goal of the Project: Design and small-series production of the equipment for medical diagnostics based on modern achievements in biotechnology employing solid biochips.
Description of the Project:
Introduction and Overview:
One of the modern field of biotechnology that has already brought to practice very important results is the design of materials based on the information biopolymers (proteins and nucleic acids) immobilized on the solid supports. These materials are the basis of specific adsorbents (chips) intended for detection and quantitative estimation of biopolymers. Chips (biochips) are tiny glass slides containing arrays of immobilized fragments of nucleic acids (oligonucleotides). The use of DNA-chips is very promising in molecular biology, medicine and pharmacology, genetic expertise in forensic practice, environment, etc. The modern prospective of medical diagnostics is based on hybridization of nucleic acids. The methods of hybridization analysis underlie the diagnostics of genetic, cancerous and infectious diseases. Chips are the main elements of devices for the automatic hybridization analysis. Hybridization is based on the fundamental properties of nucleic acid strands to form specific complexes provided their sequences are complementary to each other. The use of DNA chips adds novel unique capabilities to the arsenal of modern analytic techniques. They permit one to obtain information more rapidly, simply and less expensively than in conventional hybridization techniques. The design of cheap and reliable sensors for detection of hybridization processes using chip technology is very important.
Introduction of modern achievements in biotechnology into medical practice is inhibited by a high cost of analytical equipments both in Russia and abroad.
Goals and expected results of the Project:
- elaboration of methods and technology of designing biochips;
- elaboration and manufacture of the experimental sample of a bioanalysator for hybridization analysis;
- preparation of manufacture of small-serial production of bioanalysators.
Current stage of the Project: An experimental model of the analyzator is developed, kinetics of the hybridization processes of octanucleotides on the surface of DNA-chip is studied. The work is supported by Integration Grant of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences.
Partners:
- Novosibirsk Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, SB RAS;
- State Scientific Center of Virusology and Biotechnology Vector;
- Novosibirsk Instrument-making Factory.
Special features and advantages of the Project: the Project is based on the development of Russian technologies; it allows the cost of equipment to be lowered; the technology of hybridization analysis gives an opportunity of the multiple use of biochip that decreases expenses upon analyzing samples.
Analysis of demand in Russian market and export prospective: Potential consumers of the given type of equipment are now in search in internal and external market.
Project parameters: Approximate value of the Project is $700,000 for three years.
Protection of the Project: Patent RU 2157513 1
Documents on the Project: Advertising materials.
Suggestions to partners and investors for collaboration in the Project: Organization of the joint manufacture of the production.

The development of the Frequency Doubled Diode Pumped Solid State Laser (FDDPSSL)
Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center Microtechnologies
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-46-08
Fax: (812) 464-33-88
E-mail: mit@nevsky.net
Project manager: Igor V.Glukhikh, Head of laboratory
Telephone: (812) 462-46-12
Fax: (812) 464-33-88
E-mail: ivg@spb.cityline.ru
Project objective: The creation of 15W power FDDPSSL for medicine, technology and scientific applications.
Project description: Average Output Power 15W
Operation mode - QCW 5-20 kHz
Beam Aperture 3 mm
2 - < 6, 5
Pumping CW
Polarization - linear
Stage of projects implementation: The pilot model of FDDPSSL has developed.
Project realization partners: The S.S. Kutateladze Thermal Physics Institute of Siberian Branch of RAS, Novosibirsk, NPO Polius (Moscow).
Project features and advantages: Domestic analogue is not found. Such and more powerful lasers are manufacturing abroad.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: The TV Institute, Hospital-122,
S. M. Kirov VMA, (All from St.-Petersburg).
Project costs: $50 000

Increase of wear resistance of instruments, details and parts of mechanisms by treatment of their working surface by pulsed electron beam.

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center Microtechnologies
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-46-08
Fax: (812) 464-33-88
E-mail: mit@nevsky.net
Project manager: Dr. Vladimir I. Engelko, Deputy Director Research and Development
Telephone: (812) 462-78-45
Fax: (812) 464-46-15
E-mail: engelko@niiefa.spb.su
Project objective: Development of the technology and manufacture of the equipment for the wear resistance increase of instruments, details and parts of mechanisms by treatment of their working surface by pulsed electron beam.
Project description: Under the action of the pulsed electron beam to the metals and alloys a surface layer with depth up to 100 um is heated to the temperature of phase transitions or melting. With the following cooling the microstructure of the surface layer is changing the grains dimension is decreased sufficiently; transition into the amorphous state is possible; phase composition is changed and origination of metastable phases and compounds is possible; the phase composition is homogenized, for example, carbides in steels are refined and distributed homogeneously. As a result, the wear resistance of details and parts of machinery is increased sufficiently.
Stage of project realization: Prototype.
Project realization partners: Federal state unitary enterprise Central Research Institute of Structural Materials PROMETEY.
Project features and advantages: For the thermal treatment of materials ion and laser beams, plasma flows also can be used. The proposed technology have higher efficiency, bigger depth of the modificated layer, controllability of parameters and simplicity of the equipment construction.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Potential customers: machine-building, instrumental, transport and other enterprises.
Project costs: 250-300 thousands USD
Project protection: Patent DE 196 21 874 C2

Manufacturing of a model and preparation for series production of the water preparation equipment for nonchemical water treatment for the purpose of scale prevention.

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center Microtechnologies
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-46-08
Fax: (812) 464-33-88
E-mail: mit@nevsky.net
Project manager: Dr. Oleg P. Pechersky, the chief of research and engineering-designer branch SIRIUS, NIIEFA
Telephone: (812) 462-46-15
Fax: (812) 464-46-15
E-mail: petchercki@sirius.niiefa.spb.su
Project objective: Maintenance of firms by the water preparation equipment for nonchemical water treatment for the purpose of scale prevention. The water preparation equipment provides reduction of scaling intensity (on 90 %) on internal surfaces of heat exchangers and pipelines.
Project description: The equipment consists of an electrodes system (anodes and cathodes), immersed in the tank with water circulates. Potential difference (12-15 ) is moves on an electrodes system. A conglomeration of fine chips of scale-forming salts on a surface with negative polarity electrodes is taking place at passing water between electrodes.
Stage of project implementation: Designed and manufactured in NIIEFA samples of the water preparation equipment are using on PC Soda (Berezniky, Perm region), on Lipetsk metallurgical industrial complex and at the Kirov plant on manufacturing of product from metallically powders (KZIMP, Kirovsk, Lugansk region, Ukraine). Preparation for serial production of the water preparation equipment for nonchemical water treatment for the purpose of scale prevention is possible on a NIIEFA manufacturing base.
Project features and advantages: The domestic and foreign analogues on main specifications yield to the designed and manufactured in NIIEFA equipment.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Design and operating organizations of thermal power engineering, HAC, boiler-houses.
Project costs :Organization of equipment serial production - 2 years.
Costs of organization of series production - 300000 $.
Costs of manufacturing of one equipment - approximately 20000 $.
Project protection: No.

Removing spent protective coatings of turbine blades by pulsed electron-beam treatment

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center Microtechnologies
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-46-08
Fax: (812) 464-33-88
E-mail: mit@nevsky.net
Project manager: Dr. Vladimir I. Engelko, Deputy Director Research and Development
Telephone: (812) 462-78-45
Fax: (812) 464-46-15
E-mail: engelko@niiefa.spb.su
Project objective: Development of the technology and manufacture of equipment for removing the spent protective coatings of turbine blades by the pulsed electron beam.
Project description: The spent protective coating of a turbine blade is treated by the pulsed intense electron bean with parameters required for ablation of the coating layer with the depth of ~10 m per single pulse. With the coating depth of 200 m and the electron beam diameter of 10 cm the rate of the coating removing is 100 cm2/min. The technology can be used in a course of industrial manufacture for renewal of turbine blades of turbogenerators and aviation engines.
Stage of project implementation: R&D
Project realization partners: Moscow Aviation Institute.
Project features and advantages: There are no analogues of this method. At present the waste coatings are eliminated manually by abrasive manner.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Industrial enterprises produced and renewed turbine blades, turbogenerators, aviation engines.
Project cost: 250-300 thousands USD
Project protection: Patent DE 196 21 874 2

Customs inspection system for introscopic control of large-scale cargos EFASCAN

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, The Scientific and Production Complex of Linear Accelerators and Cyclotrons.
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-44-66
Fax: (812) 464-44-60
E-mail: npkluts@niiefa.spb.su
Project manager: Dr. Michael F. Vorogushin, Deputy Director of NIIEFA Director of NPK LUTS, Professor
Phones: (812) 464-44-66
Fax: (812) 464-44-60
E-mail: npkluts@niiefa.spb.su
Project objective: The EFASCAN Inspection System is designed for examination of vehicles and large-scale containers without their opening to expose contraband goods such as caches of arms, ammunition, jewels, alcohol drinks, drugs. The System is intended for application at customs security checkpoints with high cargo traffic: at railway stations, roads, airports and seaports.
Project description: Radioscopic examination of objects is performed with fan X-ray beam. Radiation penetrated through the object is registered by the detector line. Signals from the detectors are processed and transmitted to the main workstation, from which they are distributed to the workstations of the customs officers.
Stage of project implementation: The pilot model has been developed and manufactured.
Project features and advantages: Lower price in comparison with analogues (Heimann).
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: The State Customs Committee of Russia.

Increase of corrosion resistance of materials in aggressive environments by formation of corrosion-resistance surface alloys under the action of the pulsed electron beam

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center Microtechnologies
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-46-08
Fax: (812) 464-33-88
E-mail: mit@nevsky.net
Project manager: Dr. Vladimir I. Engelko, Deputy Director Research and Development
Telephone: (812) 462-78-45
Fax: (812) 464-46-15
E-mail: engelko@niiefa.spb.su
Project objective: Development of the technology and manufacture of the equipment for increase of corrosion resistance of materials in aggressive environments by the action of the pulsed electron beam to the materials surface.
Project description: The layer of special material of about 10 m in depth is deposited to the sample surface. After the surface treatment by intense pulsed electron beam the surface alloys with increased corrosion resistance are formatted. The modificated layer depth may be sufficiently higher that the depth of the deposited covering. It is possible to take compounds that are not formed under the usual (equilibrium) conditions, for example Cu/Au, Fe/Si, Mo/Cu, Fe/Pb. The experiments on Al implantation into the surface layer of steels utilized in the atomic reactor coolers have shown availability of this methods for increase of their corrosion resistance in liquid lead.
Stage of project implementation: R&D
Project partners: Federal State unitary enterprise VNIINM, State scientific center Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Federal state unitary enterprise Central Research Institute of Structural Materials PROMETEY.
Project features and advantages: The technology suggested allows to increase the corrosion resistance of different types of steels because of change of the microstructure and phase composition of the material surface layer and also with the help of creation of the corrosion resistive layers on the material surface.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Enterprises of atomic machine-building.
Project cost: 250-300 thousands USD.
Project protection: Patent DE 196 21 874 C2

Non-destructive testing. Radiographic, introscopic and tomographic industrial complexes based on linear electron accelerators

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, The Scientific and Production Complex of Linear Accelerators and Cyclotrons.
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-44-66
Fax: (812) 464-44-60
E-mail: npkluts@niiefa.spb.su
Project manager: Dr. Michael F. Vorogushin, Deputy Director of NIIEFA Director of NPK LUTS, Professor
Phones: (812) 464-44-66
Fax: (812) 464-44-60
E-mail: npkluts@niiefa.spb.su
Project objective: The project objective is development and manufacture of equipment for detection and localization of defects in large-scale products.
Stage of project realization: Commercial manufacture.
Project implementation partners: No partners.
Project features and advantages: Lower price in comparison with analogues (Varian).
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Heavy engineering industry and shipbuilding

Contactless current and voltage transducers with galvanic isolation

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center NIC
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project manager: A.V. Mizintsev, Deputy Director of NIIEFA - Director of NTC NIC
Telephone: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project objective: Delivery of up-to-date reliable current and voltage transducers compatible with control systems to replace outdated current shunts, current transformers and other analogous devices employed nowadays for current and voltage measurements.
Main characteristics:
Current transducer:
voltage on busbar
rated - 4 kV
testing - 20 kV
measured current - 2-20 kA
conversion error - 1%
Voltage transducer:
rated measured voltage - 4 kV
testing voltage - 11 kV
conversion error - -0.5%
Stage of project realization: Serial production of transducers mainly for the Ministry of Communications. Transducer characteristics can be changed at the Customers request without additional expenses.
Project features and advantages: The transducers enhance the power supply reliability and reduce the operation costs of electric equipment.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Metro, urban electric transport, LENENERGO, public energy services.
Project term: Transducers are ready for delivery. Delivery - 2-3 months after payment.
Project protection: The transducers are registered in the Register of measuring instruments permitted for application in railway transport. Certificate 036.2000 and 037.2000. Transducers are registered in the Certification Register for application in federal railway transport. Certificates NCC RU. 06.00529 (DTM) and NCC RU. 06.00530 (DN).

Various-purpose electric motor drives

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center NIC
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project manager: A.V. Mizintsev, Deputy Director of NIIEFA - Director of NTC NIC
Telephone: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project objective: Provision of the RF demands in dc average- and high-power electric drives
Parameters of DC electric drives:
Motor rated current - 50...2500 A
Rated voltage - 115, 230, 460, 660, 825 V
Supply line voltage - 3x380 V, 3x10(6) kV
Electric motor drives:
- reversible, nonreversible
- one-zone, two-zone with linear contactor, with dynamic deceleration
Regulated parameter - rotation speed, EMF, tension, position, power
Cooling - by natural air
Communication with the automated high-level system is through standard channels.
Stage of project implementation: Working and maintenance documentation is drawn up.
Electric drives of 500 A/440 V, 2500 A/600 V types operate at the Lipetsk Integrated Iron-and-Steel Works, AO Petrostal, Severstal.
Project features and advantages: Serial production of electric drives makes it possible to compete on the domestic market and makes unnecessary import of analogous products.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Severstal, Izhora Plants.
- - 120

Complete transformer substations (KTP) and low- and average voltage switchgears (KRU)

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center NIC
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project manager: A.V. Mizintsev, Deputy Director of NIIEFA - Director of NTC NIC
Telephone: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project objective: Development and manufacturing of new-generation transformer substations and switchgears on the basis of oil-free dry transformers and processor-based control blocks.
Main characteristics
- KTP power - from 25 to 1600 kVA
- Rated voltage of high-voltage winding - 6; 10 kV
- Rated voltage of low-voltage winding - 0.4 kV
- Solidly-earthed neutral of low-voltage winding
- Dimensions of KRU-0.4 cabinet - 800(1000)x1000(6000x2200 mm
- Dimensions of KRU-6(10) cells - 800x1450x2200 mm
Stage of project implementation: Series production of dry transformers made by the MORA TRANSFORMER license. Documentation is under issuance and pilot samples of different of KTP and KRU types are under manufacturing.
Certificates for dry transformers SSAQ001.1.4.0037 and SSAQ001.1.4.0043.
Certificates for the complete switchgear K-99 ROSS RU.ME48.B00672.
Project features and advantages: Flameproof dry transformers enhance the reliability of electric power systems and reduce the impact on the environment.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: LENENRGO, urban electric transport, public energy services
Available project documentation: Promotion material Complete transformer substations (CTS) and cathode protection devices (KBMUKZ).


Automated telecontrol system ASTMU-A

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center NIC
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project manager: A.V. Mizintsev, Deputy Director of NIIEFA - Director of NTC NIC
Telephone: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project objective: Monitoring and control over territory-distributed power supply objects.
Project description:
- Total information capacity of the system: TS - 5000; TC - 2000; TM 1000.
- Communication channels - wire, allocated. Upper level - specialized SCADA.
Stage of project implementation: The ASTMU-A system is manufactured jointly by the Moscow Power Mechanical Plant of the Ministry of Communications (MEZ) and NIIEFA. The system is introduced on the RF railroads.
Project partners: Moscow Power Mechanical Plant.
Project features and advantages: ASTMU-A is the hardware-software dispatcher control system with high information capacity as compared with previously employed hardware systems, the possibility is provided to replace outdated systems by ASTMU-A during operation through common communication lines without interrupting the dispatcher control.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Metro, urban electric transport.
Project Costs:
- development of telecontrol project for a dispatcher circle consisting of 15-20 controlled points with the upper-level software -- 300,000 roubles
- manufacturing and commissioning of the dispatcher circle with ASTMU-A -- about 5,000,000 roubles.
Project protection: RF Patent 2107940 dated 6 May 1996.
Available project documentation: Information leaflet Automated telecontrol system ASTMU-A. Working and design documentation.
04.07.1991


Track test cars for testing of the contact system and urban electric transport rail track and their components

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center NIC
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project manager: A.V. Mizintsev, Deputy Director of NIIEFA - Director of NTC NIC
Telephone: (812) 464-45-92
Fax: (812) 464-46-34
E-mail: ntcnic@mail.wplus.net
Project objective: Adaptation of contactless aids developed for diagnostics of railway contact system and track to the urban electric transport requirements.
Project description: Streetcar-based track test car for measurement of height and horizontal position of the contact line, elevation of the outer rail, track and rails settlement.
Stage of project implementation: Railway chassis-based prototypes are in operation.
Project partners: MGNVP ART (St. Petersburg)
Project features and advantages: Realizability of frequent timely control in connection with susceptibility of the contact system and rail track to changes caused by soft grounds.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Urban electric transport administrations
Project protection: Patent RU 2129866C1 dated April 3, 1997
Patent RU 2000225 dated July 4, 1991
Available project documentation: Booklet VICS-TSE new-generation track-test car for contact system testing.

Development and creation of a laser system on the base of differential lidar probe for analysis of atmospheric air mixture and monitoring atmosphere pollution with industrial enterprises rejections

Name of Institute: Federal State Unitary Enterprise The D.V. Efremov Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus, Scientific Technical Center LT & T
Address: 196641, NIIEFA, Metallostroy, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Phones: (812) 464-81-31 Fax: (812) 464-46-53
E-mail: baranov@mail.rcom.ru
Project manager: Gennady A. Baranov
Title: Deputy Director of NIIEFA - Director of NTC LT & T
Telephone: (812) 464-81-31
Fax: (812) 464-46-53
E-mail: baranov@mail.rcom.ru
Project objective: The system is intended for a remote monitoring of chemical composition of industrial enterprises rejections, for disclosure and permanent tracking of atmosphere zones with increased pollution. It can be used for equipping federal, regional and local services for ecological monitoring.
General demands to the system:
Substances under consideration: gases, particulate pollutants, smokes in industrial enterprises zone, combustion materials etc.
Technique of lidar probing: differential absorption.
Atmosphere area under consideration: surface one.
Probing area:
- length: from 500 to 2,000 m;
- area type: horizontal with declivity of 00 to 150 to horizon;
- horizontal angle of scanning: 3600.
Range of radiation wavelengths: adjustable TEA electro-discharge CO2-laser
Receiver part:
- optical receiving system: wide-aperture telescope;
- receiver: cooled KRT-detector;
- data processing, storage and displaying: high-speed analog-to-digital converter and PC.
Operational regime: stationary, land-based.
System location: on the special basis in a separate laboratory premises.
Stage of project realization: The original scheme of high-stable adjustable electro-discharge CO2-laser is suggested. It was realized and tested as a development type. Optical scheme and design of device for receiving super-faint signals of middle infrared range on the base of cadmium-mercury-tellurium detector are developed. A number of laboratory tests with the receiving device were carried out, which demonstrated possibility of its usage for solving the problem put by. A development type of a receiving optical system (telescopic objective) was manufactured and tested in laboratory conditions. A technical approach for a system of information collecting and automatic processing was prepared.
Project partners: Baltic State Technical University named after D. F. Ustinov, Joint-Stock Company LOMO, Science and Production Enterprise Lasernye Systemy.
Project features and advantages: System under development will be possible to use for measuring the most of atmosphere gases typical for urban conditions (for example NH3, SO2), to disclosure origins of pollutions. At that remoteness of areas under consideration from the lidar can amount to several kilometers.
Domestic marketing analysis and export prospects: Offices of ecological monitoring of corresponding department, institutes and regions of RF, foreign ecological institutes.
Time terms of the Project:
Start 2002.
End 2004.
Necessary expenditures (thousand of dollars) 400.

The clinical Proton radiation therapy (PRT) and PRT technology Centre.

Name of Institute: The SUB RF SSC - Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
Contact Persons:
Vladimir S. Khoroshkov, the ITEP Medical Physics Department Chief
Tel./fax 123-8092, e-mail: khorosh@vitep5.itep.ru
Igor A. Vorontsov, the general manager of the STC "ITEP Medical Physics"
Tel./fax 125-5806, tel. 129-9684.
Project objective: The Proton radiation therapy of patients with Oncological centers, localized in various parts of the body, with malfunctions of the circulation of the blood of the brain, endocrine functioning etc.
Project description: The PRT Centre is based on a proton synchrotron with the beam energy from 70 to 250 MeV being developed exclusively for large oncological hospitals. Besides, the Centre is provided for 4 irradiation devices being able to suppress a new growth of all parts of the body.
Stage of project realization: The feasibility study of the main technological equipment of the Centre and its siting, as well as everything required (feed, control systems, physical & engineering control, dosimetry, PRT technology etc.) is developed.
Partners: The Scientific and Technical Center "ITEP Medical Physics" Ltd., SSC RF - The High Energy Physics Institute (Protvino), SSC - The Moscow Radiotechnical Institute, The D.V. Efremov Scientific and Research Institute of the Electrophysical Equipment (St-Petersburg).
Project features and advantages: The construction originality allows the irradiation of patents simultaniously and independently at all radiation settings of the Centre, thanks to the fast the larger carrying capacity (about 800 patients per year) can be achieved and the treatment course price can be essentially reduced.
The carrying of the PRT Centre satisfies the requirements of a region with the 5-6 millions population. Thus in Russia not less than 10 such centers must be created. As to the export possibilities, they are quite real by a purposeful activity in this direction.
The Centre equipment pries (including purchased equipment) amounts about 21 M$ USA, being 2-2,5 times cheaper in comparison with the foreign (the USA, Japan etc.) one. The PRT Centre building constructing - and - mounting price amounts to 15,5 M$ USA according to the design team information.
The project realization term - 4,5 years
Including working design - 1,5 years
Equipment production and construction - 1,5 years
Mounting and setup - 1,5 - 2 years
The project pay back period - about 5 years
The beginning of clinical work may be realized in year after the equipment mounting in the PRT Centre building begins. The carrying capacity will be achieved in about 1,5-2 years.
The PRT centers construction in Russia (as in USA and Japan) has to be achieved at the expense of either the federal budget or by means of foreign investors. The variant of combined joint-stock companies is possible.
Project protection : As the PRT centers all over the world are created on the basis of the current hypotheses and solutions, so only the project working documentation is subject to defence.
Documentation: There is the documentation amounting to the PRT Centre constructing technical and economic feasibility at the Moscow municipal hospital 62 and the promotional material.

PERSPECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF COG-WHEEL PRODUCTION
Production company Salut (Moscow)

The cog-wheel is the most complex and precise component of gas-turbine engines. At the Salut production company an advanced technology of cog-wheels production have been developed its particular features being basing on technology of disconnected gearings and using the new system of production of conical gearing hardened with the new method of ion nitration.


SURFACE TREATMENT OF MATERIALS
WITH HIGH TEMPERATURE PULSE PLASMA (HTPP)
The new method of strengthening the machine parts for the boring and piping equipment for a wide circle of customers, as well as for using in other branches of industry

The TRINITY State Scientific Center (Troitsk, Moscow region)

The investigations on the powerful high temperature pulse plasma streams creation and their dynamics, as well as the pulse plasma accelerator designing and creation were carried on in TRINITI at the period of more then 40 years. The main aims of these works were:
- the fusion problem investigations and the investigation of mechanisms of plasma stream real material surface interaction at the last ten years period
- the tests of real type of materials stability by the irradiation of pulse plasma stream
- the HTPP treatment technological applications: the improving the properties of material, machine part and tool surfaces after the HTPP irradiation.

TRINITI in common with a number of industrial firms elaborated some methods of the intermediate and the final treatment of the concrete machine parts with the HTTP.
The concrete type machine part HTPP treatment methods were successfully tested in many branches of industry in Russia and some foreign countries (Japan, Holland, Sough Korea). But in the most cases the real technologies were not created. The reasons were usually similar: the absence of the finance or the closing of plants in Russia (AZLK, Gidroprivod and many others); the difficulties to make business with foreign countries. Only in several aircraft and car industry applications were created the real technologies. The transferring the HTPP method into Russian industry practically stopped after the start of perestroika.

Many foreign firms (Precision Grinding - England; Dresser Canada Inc. and Esmiron International Canada; Daimler-Benz-Technology Germany; Sovtech and Hypermetallics Co USA; Cobe Steel and Jema Japan; Pioneer Metal, Tronix, KIST and KIMM South Korea and so on) are interested to buy the HTPP equipment. But the development of the contacts with these firms is restrained by the absence of prepared and checked technologies for concrete applications; by the poor TRINITI's experience in technology transferring and by the traditional difficulties in Russian business. The most active in transfer contacts are the South Korea firms.

HTPP method is protected by a set of USSR and Russia patents. The patent searches and contacts with foreign experts show the absence of similar methods abroad.
The base physical process in HTPP method is the very fast (several tens of microsecond) heating of part surface layer by pulse plasma stream irradiation and this heated layer cooling by the thermal conductivity to the part body with the similar velocity. The fast hardening of the surface layer may take place in such process. If the surface layer heating was sufficiently high and the surface layer was malted the modification of material properties may be much complicate and leading to such surface changes as: melt-quenching, the melt-down the defects at the surface (and the decreasing the amount of tension centers at the surface); the increase of microhardness, of the corrosion resistance, of the metal fatigue resistance and so on.
If the surface of metal sample was previously covered by the thin layer of another kind of material, the hot plasma irradiation may melt the covering together the layer of the base metal, mix them and generate quite new material at the sample surface. Such new materials may be generated in the new fine grain fazes, which can not be produced by another methods.

HTPP treatment apparatuses in the SSC TRINITI are of different plasma creation types, different size and power. Some of them are oriented for treatment of special types of parts and tools.
But in some cases it is necessary to make some changes in the treatment camera construction to treat unusual machine parts (for example 10 meter length tubes or 2 meter length turbine blades).
The advantages of the worked out HTPP method are:
- the relative technical simplicity
- the reliability of the HTPP equipment and the simplicity of its operating
- the ecological soundness of the method
- near to the hole absence of the material expenditure
- the very low power inputs (2-10 kW)
- the low number of necessary technological operations (1-2)
- the absents of the treated part heating usually coused the thermal part warping of treated part
- the possibility of the fast introduction HTPP method to industry.

By the comparative low cost of HTPP equipment, the simplicity of its operation and low cost of service, the practically absence of the material expenditure and by the ecological soundness of the plasma treatment process, it is the perspective method for every branch of industry.
In the process of applying the HTPP method in concrete industry process some problems must be checked and previously solved:
- the possibility and the efficiency of concrete machine part HTPP irradiation must be demonstrated with the existent HTPP devices
- the drawings for the experimental HTPP device must be checked on the subject of the possibility to modificate the concrete types of machine parts
- built up and tested at the executor's building the experimental HTPP equipment and the customer's experimental sample test treatment
- the system which pushes and holds the parts inside the treatment chamber is worked out, designed, and tested
- the last system must to provide the necessary productivity of the HTPP equipment and don't prevent the hot plasma formation
- the technology of the concrete customer's part treatment was worked out
- the HTPP device was worked out, tested and handled over to customer with the demonstration of its efficiency at his territory
- the customer's personal was trained the methods of operation the HTPP equipment.
TRINITI is able to organize the production of HTPP equipment. The existence of modules of HTPP equipment lets fast constructing the different type and power devices.
HTPP devices may be used effectively at the great number of plants and workshops. Our already gotten experience in HTPP method using may be used in different branches of industry and first of all in the tool-making, gas and oil producing, car, tractor, aircraft, medicine, chemical, atomic and many others.
The HTPP equipment cost depends on the type and size of parts to treat. The most part of the cost lays in the cost of electrical capacitors, which necessary amount depends on the surface size to treat at every realization. So the total cost varies from 100 till 1000 thousand dollars.

TRINITI State Scientific Center
Address: Troitsk, Moscow region 142190 Russia
Fax: (095) 334-5776
E-mail: lainer@triniti.ru
Director of TRINITI: Vyacheslav D. Pismenniy
Contact person: Tserevitinov Sergey Sergeevich.
Phone: (095)334-5240
E-mail: tserev@triniti.ru

ESTABLISHING OF A COMPLEX PRODUCTION FACILITY OF THE SEMICONDUCTOR SILICON
Federal State Unitary Company Mining and chemical plant


The quality system created within the framework of the project is based on ISO 9000 and ISO STEP standards requirements. High technologies and performance specification of both technologic and testing equipment will assure the turnout of silicon which is good enough to produce integrated circuit of super-large scale, which will meet the latest world standards. As the project is implemented, one of the primary tasks will be solved, namely, skill conversion and new jobs creation (about 490) including engineers/technicians and specialists. As production facilities are put into operation against the project, they will be supplied with the high-tech sewage disposal plant capable to provide clean environment to meet current requirements.

6TH GENERATION ENDOSCOPES
Problems and tasks of todays endoscopy
The Voronezh Mechanical Plant (Voronezh)

Endoscopes are used to provide for the probe checking of components in aviation and space production. The endoscopes of the 6th generation are the devices that do not only supervise, but measure dimensions, calculate uncertainties of measurements, memorize the data obtained and e-mail them, record voice comments of operators, etc. At the Voronez mechanical plant, new methods of metrological control have been developed with using advanced endoscopes to meet ISO standards.

MAGNETOIMPULS MATERIALS PROCESSING (MIMP)
JSC R&D Institute for Steel (Moscow)


Lately, MIMP has been widely used in a number of industries, such as aviation, automobile, electronic, cable, oil & gas production, construction, machine-building, etc.
The R&D Institute for Steel offers:
To develop MIMP plants at customers requirements
To develop production tools at customers requirements
To supply experimental-industrial model of the MIMP plant
Optimization of technical MIMP processes
Joint company establishing

Synthesis of Uranium and Plutonium Nitrides for Nuclear Fuel Material

The ARRICT, Moscow
VNIITF, Snezhinsk

Mixed uranium-plutonium nitride fuel is considered to be the most perspective for power fast neutron reactors of BN-800 and BREST type.

One of the most feasible methods for uranium and plutonium production is the pyro-chemical synthesis from compact metals. The compact uranium and plutonium have to be hydrated and dehydrated at low temperatures in order to obtain powders. Plutonium hydride was obtained at 2800C and was dehydrated in vacuum at a higher temperature. The plutonium powder was treated with gaseous nitrogen at 3000C; black PuN was obtained.

Uranium hydride was obtained from compact metal by interaction with hydrogen at 280-3000C. At temperature 4000C it is completely dehydrated in vacuum.

The uranium powder is to be heated in the flux of pure nitrogen at 450 to 10000C producing UN1+x.

The study has allowed to design pilot-plant equipment capacitive of 10 tons of uranium nitride and 1.5 tons of plutonium nitride annually.

Creation of a complex to process the monazite concentrate

The NIKIET)
The VNIICT
The GSPI
Moscow

Eighty two thousand tons of monazite concentrate have been stored from 1960 in twenty three granaries, built in 1941-1942, and which now serve as storage base the of the SE Uralmonazite in Krasnoufunsk, Sverdlovsk Region. The buildings are in a state of wrecking. The monazite concentrate contains more than 7000 tons of thorium oxides with a total reactivity of 7800 Cu. Works in the storage buildings are impossible without using the means of radiation protection from inhalation effect and -rradiation (8100 mSv annually, when the norm, acceding to the Norms of Radiation Safety 98, is 20 mSv).

Presence of this radiation reactivity source is significantly dangerous and hazardous for the local population and environment.

At the sonic time the monazite contains 54 % (about 45 thousand tons) of rear-earth metals, a necessity in which for the Russian industry is quite evident. Beginning from 1996 a number of enterprises under Minatom has elaborated technical-economic indices and substantiation of investments, which showed that this project, along with solving the problem of rehabilitation of the territory of storage buildings and ensuring normative storage of thorium, can provide a considerable economic effect under condition of establishing manufacture of various products on the basis of extracting the total concentrate of rear-earth metals from monazite.
The report is dedicated to the technological and design solutions of this problem.

Xenon Anaesthesia and Therapeutics

The NIKIET(Moscow)

On the basis of nuclear rocket engine technologies a plant to produce super-pure Kr and Xe was built in 1992 in Zarecny town (Sverdlovsk Region) on the order of CERN (Geneva, Switzerland). The purely of gases is 99,9999%, which is the highest index for all known today production sites Linde (Germany), Air Liquid (France), etc. As of today NIK1ET is one of the leading suppliers of these gases on the external market.

It was in 1995 when the first works on using xenon in medicine as an anaesthesiological means began. This anaesthetic is called an anaesthetic of the twenty first century. NIKIET has designed and developed a universal unit for narcosis apparatus of any structure, and Has unit provides a possibility to effect xenon narcosis with a sequential collecting of the xenon, already used during a surgical operation. At present more than ten clinics in Russia have already introduced xenon anaesthesia in their practice.

The same apparatus are used for the therapeutic treatment of a number of diseases with xenon including drug addiction, alcoholism; etc.

A number of optolaser devices have been introduced into medical practice for diagnostics and treatment and these devices have been designed and produced on the basis of nuclear rocket engine technologies. They include measuring box of a laser radiation with a program monitoring laser fluorimeter for identification and early diagnostics of malignant tumors in man, and a number of other devices.

The report will present the results of the works of NIKIET in these trends of medical technologies.

 



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